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About Peru

Specialities of Peru's cuisine

Staple foods of Peruvian cuisine are potatoes, corn, beans, cassava or manioc, chili peppers, all native to the land of the Incas, but the local cuisine is so varied that we found a great variety of dishes.

Peruvians enjoy eating well, and mostly the dishes are served in quite an abundant quantity.

Contrary to some guidebooks, Peruvian food is rarely spicy. The confusion comes from an ingredient in several dishes, the ají amarillo a chili pepper with a mild taste, used as the pepper into other cuisines. Many restaurants serve hot chili sauce apart.

 

Peruvian lunch is usually accompanied by a fizzy drink or fresh fruit juice or a beer in a restaurant, rarely water. Restaurant meals are almost never served with bread but always at breakfast and with the "lonche" (family dinner) accompanied by coffee, tea, ham, cheese or just butter.

Coffee

Peruvians are not big coffee drinkers, prefer tea or infusion.

Many bars and restaurants serve "café pasado" made with dripped coffee or instant coffee. Be careful in many hotels serving at breakfast buffet a concentrated coffee extract to which we must add water.

Nevertheless Peru produces excellent coffees including the "Tunki" awarded as the best coffee in the world in 2010, the country being the 6th largest coffee exporter in the world.

Ever more we can found espresso in bars and restaurants but be careful because in certain tourist places serve drip brewed coffee in small cups, previously shaked in blender to get the typical foam and look like an espresso.

PISCO

It is the typical Peruvian brandy made by distilling grape wine in the region of Ica 300 km (180 mi) south of Lima and also in Moquegua south of Peru.

 

There was a dispute with Chile about the designation of origin pisco, but finally in 2006 the World Intellectual Property Organization WIPO recognizes the titleholder of the appellation of origin is the Peruvian State.

Some countries refuse to shoulder this recognition to not prejudice trade relations with Chile, especially France who contradictorily his battle to defend its appellations of origin as Champagne, is not faithful to his own ideology when agrees.

Cocoa

Although Peru is a large producer of cocoa, its quality is now praised by European chocolatiers.

To not miss out on an unforgattable experience in gastronomy, here are 25 specialities that should not be missed:

Starters
brochettes beef heart

Anticuchos

Region: Lima

Brochettes of beef heart marinated in vianagre with herbs and spices, cooked on a barbecue.

potatoe puree

Causa limeña

Region: Lima

Cold dish - potatoe puree "filled" with tunny or chicken and avocado.

chowder crayfish

Chupe de camarones

Region: Arequipa

Chowder made with crayfish, mik, eggs, pumpkin, rice, potatoes and cheese.

boiled potatoes sauce

Papa a la huancaina

Region: Peru

Cold dish - boiled potatoes covered with a fresh cheese sauce, yellow pepper (mild), cookies and crackers.

fried potato filled meat

Papa rellena

Region: Peru

Fried potato (puree) filled with meat.

mashed corn

Tamal

Region: Lima

Mashed corn filled with chicken or tunny, wrapped in banana or corn leaves.

raw fish marined hot sauce

Cebiche or ceviche

Region: coast

Cold and spicy dish – Raw fish or seafood (or mixed), "done" with lemon juice, herbs, hot pepper, served with onions, sweet potatoes and corn. The ceviche is the signature dish of Peru, elected the best dish in the world in 2014.

Main courses
thin strips chicken

Ají de gallina

Region: Lima

Thin strips of chicken with yelow pepper (mild) sauce, milk and cheese.

fried pork

Chicharrón

(de chancho)

Region: Lima and Andes

Pieces of fried pork. In Cuzco: pork crackling.

fish fried breadcrumbs

Chicharrón (de pescado or mariscos)

Region: coast

Fish or seafood fried in breadcrumbs.

guinea pig fried

Cuy chactado

Region: Andes

Guinea pig, flattend with a stone (chactado in quechua) breaded with corn flour and fried.

chicken cooked leaves

Juane

Region: jungle

Chicken, olives, eggs and rice cooked rolled up in "bijao" (Amazon tree) or banana leaves.

beef loin slices sauteed

Lomo saltado

Region: Lima

Beef loin slices sauteed with onions, tomatoes and paprika, served with french fries ans rice.

meat vegetables cooked underground

Pachamanca

Region: Andes

Different types of meat, potatoes, sweet potatoes, lima beans, corn, cooked underground among hot stones.

hot pepper stuffed beef

Rocoto relleno

Region: Arequipa

Hot pepper stuffed with chopped beef, eggs, peas and cheese.

chicken marinated cooked charcoal

Pollo a la brasa

Region: Peru

Chicken marinated in stout and spices, cooked in charcoal.

Today it is the most consumed dish in Peru, usually served in pollerías.

Desserts
ice cream

Helado de lúcuma

Region: Peru

Lucuma ice cream - it is an fruit native to Peru, with a unique flavor of maple and sweet potato.

pudding purple corn

Mazamorra morada

Region: Lima

Pudding made with purple corn, prunes, pineapple, apple, etc.

doughnuts pumpkin sweet potato

Picarones

Region: Lima

Doughnuts of pumpkin and/ or sweet potato, with sugarcane syrup.

caramel milk merengue

Suspiro limeño

Region: Lima

Manjar blanco (caramel of milk) covered with merengue.

Drinks
corn beer

Chicha (de jora)

Region: Andes

Craft beer made of white corn, low alcohol drink (1% to 4%).

purple corn juice

Chicha morada

Region: Lima

Non-alcoholic drink made from purple corn, fruits (apple, quince, pineapple, etc.), sugar, cinnamon and clove.

coca leaves infusion

Mate de coca

Region: Andes

Infusion of coca leaves, ideal to fight altitude sickness.

peruvian cocktail

Pisco sour

Region: Peru

Cocktail made with pisco (grape brandy), lemon, sugar and egg white.

It is the national drink of Peru.

national aperitive

Recipe 8 / 10 servings

 

  • 1/3 bottle Pisco (9 oz)

  • Juice of 6 key limes

  • 3 oz (8 cl) sugar syrup or 10 tablespoon white sugar

  • 1 egg white

  • Ice cubes

Add all ingredients to a mixer or blender and shake 1 minute. Serve in glasses and top with a few drops of angostura bitter or cinnamon ground.

Confectioneries
biscuits avec confiture de lait

Alfajor

Region: Peru

Two layers of little biscuits filled with manjar blanco (milk caramel).

bonbones de chocolate con majar blanco

Chocotejas

Region: Ica and Lima

Chocolate candy filled with manjar blanco (caramel of milk) and pecan or peanuts, prunes, etc.

 
 
 
 
 
machu picchu

Peru

altitude sickness motion
cermal editions